What Methods Can Be Used To Fit My Oak Flooring?

31st October 2014

With the range of options available when purchasing oak flooring, comes a range of ways in which you can fit your oak flooring. The method of fitting is very much influenced by the conditions of the area. So what methods can be used to fit your oak flooring?

Secret Nailing / Secret Screwing Method

The first and probably most common way of fitting oak flooring is the secret nailing / secret screwing method. This particular method involves fixing the boards through the tongue at a 45º angle. This means any fixings are kept hidden once the flooring has been laid. This method is used for floors which are laid over joists or wooden sub-floors. This can be used for both solid and engineered oak flooring.

Surface Fixing Method

The surface fixing method is often used alongside the secret fixing method. This method involves sending a nail or screw through the top surface of the board at even spacing into the floor joists below. When nailing, a traditional floor brad is typically used and left exposed. When surface screwing, the fixings is usually hidden with an oak plug.

Floor Brad Fixing

Glue Down Method

The glue down method involves full adhesion of the oak flooring to the sub-floor. This method is typically used for installations over concrete, however it can also be used over some underfloor heating systems. For this method, it is vital that an adhesive specific to the job is used. This glue should be extremely strong but also flexible. This allows for some natural movement in the wood.

When glueing down, the sub-floor should be checked to ensure that it has a moisture content which is lower than 4%.

We only recommend glueing solid oak flooring boards which are no wider than 120mm. Engineered oak flooring boards of wider widths can be glued.

Glueing Fixing

Floating Floor Method

The floating floor method involves glueing the tongue and groove of each board together, with a PVA Wood Glue. With this method the floor has no direct fixing to the sub-floor.

The floating floor method is only suitable for engineered oak flooring. We do not recommend ever floating solid oak flooring.

If you would like to discuss what options are available to you for the fitting of oak flooring, please give us a call on 01538 304584.

Guidelines For The Glueing Of Engineered Oak Flooring

28th October 2014

The glueing method is one of the most commonly used methods of fitting engineered oak flooring. We used this exact method in our How To Fit An Oak Floor guide, where we took you step by step through the process of fitting an oak floor. When glueing engineered oak boards to concrete, there are a few simple guidelines that should be followed to ensure the installation process goes as smoothly as possible.

Condition Of The Subfloor

The subfloor should be checked over to ensure it is suitable for purpose. The concrete should be clean, to ensure the adhesion is not affected. The concrete should also be dry. We do not recommend laying any type of wooden flooring onto concrete with a moisture content higher than 4%. A subfloor with a higher moisture content than this will cause problems to your wooden floor in the future.

Laying Out The Boards

With the subfloor up to an appropriate standard, the next step is to layout the engineered oak flooring boards. Begin by selecting a starter wall. It is normally recommended to start on the longest wall of the room. The room should be checked for squareness, meaning adjustments can be made as necessary. When laying out the boards, at least 10-15mm should be left around the room for expansion. Where possible, the engineered oak boards should be laid at 90 degrees to the floor joists. To ensure you get an equal balance of boards across your room, you can create what is known as a Datum line. Trial fit the first few rows of the boards before proceeding with the glueing.

Glueing The Boards

When glueing your engineered oak flooring, it is important that a high quality adhesive is used. For this we recommend using a MS Polymer Flexible Flooring Adhesive, such as the Proflex.

When applying the adhesive, we recommend using a 6mm V notch trowel at a 45° angle. This ensures a correct adhesive spread rate. You should never spread more adhesive than can be covered in the time recommended by the adhesive manufacturer.

Glueing Engineered Oak Boards

Place the tongue into the groove of the planks and press firmly into the adhesive. Boards should never be slid though adhesive. Remove any adhesive from the surface of the board before it cures.

The help with the adhesion, weights can be placed over the top of the glued down boards. The adhesive should then be allowed to dry as per the manufacturers instructions.

How Can I Protect My Exterior Oak?

22nd October 2014

As with interior oak, you are going to want to protect any exterior oak you may have. Whether it be exterior oak doors, cladding or furniture, a high quality finish will help to preserve the life of your woodwork against the elements. So what product should you use?

One of the main products we recommend is the Blanchon Advanced Decking Protection Environment, or Blanchon Saturation as it was previously know. This product has been specifically designed to protect all species of wood that are used externally. This includes pressured treated woods, exotic/tropical wood types such as ipe and teak, European hardwood’s such as oak and chestnut, and softwoods including red cedar and larch.

The oil naturally penetrates the wood, is UV resistant, and will not flake or peel. This provides major protection to your outdoor woodwork. The warm, natural matt finish will enhance the natural elegance of the wood. The Blanchon Advanced Decking Protection is available in a number of different finishes. These include Old Grey, Natural and Oak.

Recently we have created a guide which takes you through the application process of the Blanchon Advanced Decking Protection. This guide can be seen by clicking here.